Mushrooms are a special form of life which, according to the number of species, is the most widespread living organism of the country. Over one hundred thousand species of mushrooms have been identified, and their number is far greater. Approximately 230 species are used in the diet.
There is no doubt about the role and significance of mushrooms in the ecosystem and food chain, and their role and use for medical purposes is more and more important. Chinese and Japanese medicine for centuries use mushrooms in combat even against the most severe forms of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and so on.
Apart from the specific smell and taste, mushrooms have a specific and rich composition of vital vitamins, minerals and oligoelements. Vitamin composition offers large quantities of vitamins B1, B2, B5, C and D. Minerals include magnesium, selenium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, calcium, and others. Mushrooms are rich in large amounts of fiber. The combination of such nutritious and vital elements makes mushrooms ideal food for everyone, especially for vegetarians as a kind of substitute for meat and an ideal source of folic acid.
About 90% of the weight of the mushroom is water, and some species contain up to 5% protein that is biologically more valuable than all other vegetable proteins. Of the carbohydrates, mushrooms in their composition have complex carbohydrates in an amount of about 4%. Certain mushrooms possess a very specific type of lipid, but the amount of lipids or ointments generally does not exceed 0.5%.
Mushrooms, in addition to animals, are the only organisms that have the ability to synthesize vitamin D. Mushrooms, unlike plants, contain all the essential amino acids necessary for people’s lives.
Mushrooms contain many biologically active components that, in combination with important nutrients, are extremely effective in preventing and treating a range of health disorders. The use of mushrooms in treatment and severe forms of cancer is increasingly common. A number of scientific studies confirm the positive effects of the use of mushrooms precisely for medical purposes.
Mushrooms are a proven fighter in the prevention and treatment of colds and flu. They act stimulating to the body and strengthen the immune system.
Expressed curative effects have been established in certain cardiovascular diseases. Successful results have been obtained in the treatment of high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and stroke.
- it boosts immunity
- have anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anticancerogenic effects
- positive effects in allergies, asthma, psoriasis and dermatitis
- help in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism
- remove fatigue, weakness and insomnia
- regulate the level of blood sugar
- improve memory and concentration.
Mushrooms enter the group of low-calorie foods (100 grams of mushrooms have 18-26 calories) making them ideal for every diet. The advantage is that they contain very low fat and salt, as well as the absence of cholesterol.