Coffee is drunk all over the world, it is full of antioxidants, it reduces stress, it affects the overall health, the skin… After all these positive benefits of coffee, the question arises whether coffee also affects weight regulation.
Scientists from Nottingham have conducted research on this topic and discovered something amazing: ingestion of just one cup a day stimulates the defense mechanism against fat accumulation.
There are two types of adipose tissue in the human body, and they are: brown and white adipose tissue. Brown adipose tissue predominates in babies to maintain their body temperature. Adults have a small amount of brown fat.
A study from 2018 showed that brown fat warms our body when it is cold, using white fat as fuel.
The main function of brown fat is to create a body temperature from the calories consumed, unlike white fat which is the result of storing excess calories. Brown fat works differently, producing heat by burning sugars and fats, usually in response to a cold. Increasing its activity improves blood glucose control, while the extra calories burned contribute to losing extra pounds.
Because of the ability of brown fat to burn calories, scientists have found a way to use its power to help fight obesity. Studies have shown that one cup of black coffee can affect the function of brown adipose tissue.
The team conducting these studies determined the effect of caffeine on brown fat, and when the required dose was discovered, the studies were continued in humans. An increase in temperature has been observed around the neck, because there are the largest amounts of brown adipose tissue. Brown fat is found on the body in unpredictable places, it is usually located in the neck and shoulders, but not all people have it in those places. It can be located in the chest and spine.
It is not yet known whether this is due to caffeine or some other ingredient in coffee, but in the future if it is discovered it will certainly be implemented in the food industry as an adjunct in the fight against obesity and to regulate glucose levels in diabetics.